Jul 18, 2016
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Priest before Marduk and Nabu

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A priest in prayer before the symbols for Marduk, chief god of Babylon, and Nabu, god of wisdom and writing. Neo-Babylonian 7th-6th BCE Round seal, blue glazed clay, 4,5 cm across. AO 5684. Louvre, Departement des Antiquites Orientales, Paris, France. © Erich Lessing.

Nicole Brisch in Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses, Oracc and the UK Higher Education Academy, 2016, says:

The early iconography of Marduk is unclear due to lack of sources. Already in the Old Babylonian period, the spade became Marduk’s symbol (Rittig 1987-90: 372). The animal that often represents Marduk is the mušḫuššu, the “snake-dragon,” which is frequently represented on the glazed brick reliefs from Babylon. There are very few anthropomorphic depictions of Marduk, most of them can be found on cylinder seals.

Also, the Tree of Life is behind the priest, and the symbol of Marduk has an upward facing crescent. Let’s see more “spades”, Marduk and else:

  • L. Legrain, “Restauration de la stèle d’Ur-Nammu,” , vol. 30, iss. 3, pp. 111-115.
      author       = {Legrain, L.},
      title        = {Restauration de la stèle d'Ur-Nammu},
      journaltitle = {Revue d'Assyriologie et d'archéologie orientale},
      date         = {1933},
      volume       = {30},
      number       = {3},
      pages        = {111--115},
      issn         = {0373-6032},
      url          = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/23284043},
      urldate      = {2016-07-18},
      shortjournal = {Revue d'Assyriologie et d'archéologie orientale},
      timestamp    = {2016-07-18},


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1000 BCE - 1 CE

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