Jul 22, 2016
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Figurine with Raised Arms

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Terracotta painted figurine from Egypt’s Predynastic Period. Item #07.447.505 at the Brooklyn Museum. CC BY-SA by ego technique via Flickr.
Medium: Terracotta, painted
Reportedly From: Ma’mariya, Egypt
Dates: ca. 3500-3400 B.C.E.
Period: Predynastic Period, Naqada IIa Period
Dimensions: 11 ½ × 5 ½ × 2 ¼ in. (29.2 × 14 × 5.7 cm)

It would appear this is Bat, which, according to Heidi Kontkanen:

On statuettes of this period, the legs are usually not articulated and the faces are beaklike. This rare undamaged example, one of the oldest works in the Brooklyn Museum, was found in a burial excavated by the Museum’s first archaeological expedition in Egypt. The symbolism, function, and identity of the figure are not certain. However, similar female figures painted on Predynastic vessels appear to be goddesses, because they are always larger than the male “priests” shown with them.

The raised arms are similar to horns, heavenly ships, and else:

  • [PDF] S. Budge E. A. Wallis, The gods of the Egyptians; or, Studies in Egyptian mythology, Chicago : Open Court Publishing Co., 1904.
      Title                    = {The gods of the Egyptians; or, Studies in Egyptian mythology},
      Author                   = {{Budge}, E. A. Wallis, Sir},
      Publisher                = {Chicago : Open Court Publishing Co.},
      Year                     = {1904},
      Note                     = {Published: 1904
    Topics: Mythology, Egyptian, Egypt -- Religion
    Identifier: godsofegyptianso02budg
    Mediatype: texts
    Copyright-evidence-operator: Steven F Radzikowski
    Copyright-region: US
    Copyright-evidence Evidence: reported by Steven F Radzikowski for item godsofegyptianso02budg on September 16, 2008: no visible notice of copyright; stated date is 1911.
    Copyright-evidence-date: 20080916115858
    Scanningcenter: nj
    Ppi: 400
    Camera: Canon 5D
    Operator: scanner-joe-ondreicka@...
    Scanner: scribe4.nj.archive.org
    Scandate: 20091016154550
    Imagecount: 560
    Foldoutcount: 1
    Identifier-access: http://www.archive.org/details/godsofegyptianso02budg
    Identifier-ark: ark:/13960/t9280jp07
    Sponsordate: 20080930
    Bookplateleaf: 0003
    Ocr: ABBYY FineReader 8.0},
      File                     = {godsofegyptianso02budg.pdf:godsofegyptianso02budg.pdf:PDF},
      Keywords                 = {Mythology, Egyptian, Egypt -- Religion},
      Owner                    = {trismegisto},
      Timestamp                = {2016.01.06},
      Url                      = {https://archive.org/details/godsofegyptianso02budg}

Source: brooklynmuseum.org via Flickr

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Article Categories:
4000 - 3000 BCE · Egypt · Sculpture

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