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First known depiction of Archaic Greek God Hermes

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Scan from the book “Cults of the Greek” by Lewis Richard Farnell. In this bronze depiction Hermes is a “ram bearer” or Kriphoros. The archaic Greeks and Romans offered Rams. At other times Hermes was known as τωρ or Agetor Ἀγήτωρ. The most ancient depiction of Archaic Greek Hermes is from the 6th century BCE. The bronze is wearing a tunic with belt and zig-zag pattern, has symbols of “wings” on his legs, is bearing a ram, but it has high hat with a split top and pointed shoes. In 1896 it was exhibited in Athens.

The Sami people (also Sámi or Saami, traditionally known in English as Lapps or Laplanders) had a god with many names, e.g. Tor, Thor, or Thora Galles. When he roamed and thundered he was called Tiermes ( pronunciation: “Diermes”). Check some similarities with traditional Sami clothing:

  • [PDF] L. R. Farnell, The cults of the Greek states, New Rochelle, N.Y. : Caratzas Bros., 1977, vol. 2.
    [Bibtex]
    @Book{cultsofgreekstat02farn,
      author      = {Farnell, Lewis Richard},
      title       = {The cults of the Greek states},
      year        = {1977},
      date        = {1977},
      editora     = {{Princeton Theological Seminary Library}},
      volume      = {2},
      note        = {Reprint of the 1896-1909 ed. published by Clarendon Press, Oxford Includes bibliographical references and index (v.5)},
      publisher   = {New Rochelle, N.Y. : Caratzas Bros.},
      pagetotal   = {508},
      url         = {http://archive.org/details/cultsofgreekstat02farn},
      urldate     = {2016-04-04},
      abstract    = {Reprint of the 1896-1909 ed. published by Clarendon Press, Oxford; Includes bibliographical references and index (v.5)},
      editoratype = {collaborator},
      file        = {cultsofgreekstat02farn.pdf:media/trismegisto/Vitamin/Documents/Bibliography/cultsofgreekstat02farn.pdf:PDF},
      keywords    = {Cults, Greece},
      timestamp   = {2016-07-28},
    }
  • [PDF] L. R. Farnell, The cults of the Greek states, New Rochelle, N.Y. : Caratzas Bros., 1977, vol. 1.
    [Bibtex]
    @Book{cultsofgreekstat01farn,
      author      = {Farnell, Lewis Richard},
      title       = {The cults of the Greek states},
      year        = {1977},
      date        = {1977},
      editora     = {{Princeton Theological Seminary Library}},
      volume      = {1},
      note        = {Reprint of the 1896-1909 ed. published by Clarendon Press, Oxford Includes bibliographical references and index (v.5)},
      publisher   = {New Rochelle, N.Y. : Caratzas Bros.},
      pagetotal   = {568},
      url         = {http://archive.org/details/cultsofgreekstat01farn},
      urldate     = {2016-04-04},
      abstract    = {Reprint of the 1896-1909 ed. published by Clarendon Press, Oxford; Includes bibliographical references and index (v.5)},
      editoratype = {collaborator},
      file        = {cultsofgreekstat01farn.pdf:media/trismegisto/Vitamin/Documents/Bibliography/cultsofgreekstat01farn.pdf:PDF},
      keywords    = {Cults -- Greece},
      timestamp   = {2016-07-28},
    }
  • [PDF] L. R. Farnell, The cults of the Greek states, Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1977, vol. 3.
    [Bibtex]
    @Book{cultsofgreekstat03farnuoft,
      author      = {Farnell, Lewis Richard},
      title       = {The cults of the Greek states},
      year        = {1977},
      date        = {1896},
      editora     = {{Robarts - University of Toronto}},
      volume      = {3},
      publisher   = {Oxford : Clarendon Press},
      pagetotal   = {502},
      url         = {http://archive.org/details/cultsofgreekstat03farnuoft},
      urldate     = {2016-04-04},
      editoratype = {collaborator},
      file        = {cultsofgreekstat03farnuoft.pdf:media/trismegisto/Vitamin/Documents/Bibliography/cultsofgreekstat03farnuoft.pdf:PDF},
      keywords    = {Cults -- Greece},
      timestamp   = {2016-07-28},
    }

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